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1 samuel 7 explained

They expressed the same heart as Lamentations 2:19: Arise, cry out in the night, at the beginning of the watches; pour out your heart like water before the face of the Lord. Then Samuel cried out to the LORD for Israel, and the LORD answered him. When Samuel had anointed Saul as king, it was his tall stature and good looks that caught the prophet’s attention and yet Saul turned out to be a real disappointment to Samuel, for his heart was not pure before the Lord - but as this messenger of God came to anoint one of the sons of Jesse - as God’s chosen king, we discover … The name--Eben-ezer--is thought to have been written on the face of it. “It may very naturally be asked, ‘Where was Samuel all that time?’ I know not what he was doing during those twenty years; but I have a suspicion, I may say, I have a firm persuasion, that he was going from place to place, preaching in quiet spots wherever he could gather an audience; warning the people of their sin, and stirring them up to seek Jehovah, thus endeavouring to infuse some spirituality into their national life.” (Spurgeon). Also there was peace between Israel and the Amorites. Then Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel, saying, “If you return to the LORD with all your hearts, then put away the foreign gods and the Ashtoreths from among you, and prepare your hearts for the LORD, and serve Him only; and He will deliver you from the hand of the Philistines.” So the children of Israel put away the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and served the LORD only. They should have been more confident in the LORD. i. These two books were not originally divided, and so Second Samuel begins with David hearing the news of Saul’s death. The LORD won this battle, not Israel – so he named the stone Ebenezer, meaning “stone of help.”. v.3-4 “If with all your hearts you are returning to Jehovah,”—implying in the expression that repentance was primarily of … Note; (1.) Gather all Israel to Mizpah: This is where Jacob separated from Laban (Genesis 31:49) and was the gathering place for a repentant Israel in Judges 20:1. Think of that poor lamb – a suckling lamb – who never hurt anyone or who never sinned itself, yet its throat was slit, its blood poured out, its body cut up, and its carcass burned. Jesus Christ is the slain lamb, offered up to God for us sinners. Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel--A great national reformation was effected through the influence of Samuel. d. Drew water, and poured it out before the LORD: In this context a ceremonial pouring of water demonstrated the soul poured out before the LORD. And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; … 3-6. The LORD won this battle, not Israel – so he named the stone. Their cities were in ruins, their armies were defeated, and they were under Philistine domination – all because they were not right with God. It can always be said of … They brought it to Abinadab’s house on the hill and consecrated Eleazar his son to guard the ark of the Lord. They should have been more confident in the LORD. (15-17) Samuel’s service as a circuit judge. Saul Sacrifices His Kingdom (1 Samuel 13:1-14) 10. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. He went from year to year on a circuit… and judged Israel in all those places. The inward was more important than the outward, and it had to come first. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Then Samuel cried out to the LORD for Israel, and the LORD answered him. 9 Then Samuel … Why? Quick outline of 1 Samuel. But the dynasty-house is already built and is established for the ages. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. : They treated the Ark of the Covenant with respect and honor, yet they did not take it to the tabernacle. An altar was a place of sacrifice and worship, and Samuel had a consistent relationship with the LORD in sacrifice and worship. Do not cease to cry out to the LORD our God for us, : The last time Israel was in this kind of situation they said, “Let’s get the Ark of the Covenant and take it into battle with us. : Samuel was successful not only as a man of war, but also as a man of peace. Instead of resting at the house of God, it was brought, : We don’t know if Eleazar was of the proper priestly lineage, or if his consecration ceremony was legitimate according to Exodus 29. There he judged Israel, and there he built an altar to the LORD. This was a place remembered for separation and repentance. God not only sent thunder, He also sent confusion to the Philistines and confidence to Israel. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. So the children of Israel said to Samuel, “Do not cease to cry out to the LORD our God for us, that He may save us from the hand of the Philistines.” And Samuel took a suckling lamb and offered it as a whole burnt offering to the LORD. The glory may have left Israel a few chapters prior, but things will begin to look better, thanks to some turns in events presented in this chapter (including a new leader). Samuel called on Israel to turn their backs on these other gods and serve Him only. 2. : The Israelites didn’t have much more spiritual understanding than the Philistines. It was an expression of emptiness and need. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. If it is meant from the heart, it is hard to make a better statement of confession than “We have sinned against the LORD.” This is almost exactly what David said when he was confronted with his sin in 2 Samuel 12:13. f. And Samuel judged the children of Israel: Samuel was the last judge and he was a judge over Israel as were the leaders in the days of the Book of Judges. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. They are such wimps, crying out before their God like this.” If the Philistines thought this way, they were dead wrong. Hill— This place they chose, both because it was a strong place, where it would be the most safe; and an high place, and therefore visible at some distance, which was convenient for them, who were at that time to direct their prayers and faces towards the ark. When the Philistines heard: The Philistines were right to be afraid of a repentant, God-seeking Israel, because with God fighting for them Israel was invincible. "And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto the … But the LORD thundered with a loud thunder upon the Philistines that day, and so confused them that they were overcome before Israel. 8:2-3). i. Do not cease to cry out to the LORD our God for us: The last time Israel was in this kind of situation they said, “Let’s get the Ark of the Covenant and take it into battle with us. But his leadership was more spiritual than military. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. For example, this chapter gives the reason why the united kingdom of Israel is divided into the two kingdoms of Israel and Judah in 1 … And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. You can also change some of your preferences. And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; … can either mean “to this point in time” or “to this geographical place.” Probably both are in mind; Hebrew writers loved to use double meanings. i. But the LORD thundered with a loud thunder upon the Philistines that day, and so confused them that they were overcome before Israel. 5. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. i. (a straightforward claim of guilt and responsibility). Yet the inward was proved by the outward. : God raised up Samuel as a prophet and a judge (1 Samuel 4:1). “Ashtoreth was worshipped over a wide area as the goddess of fertility, love and war, and plaques of naked female figures from the Bronze and Iron Ages in Palestine are numerous. It is our response to conviction that demonstrates repentance. 7:3-4), and the judges were dishonest (1 Sam. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. So he could say. brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill--Why it was not transported at once to Shiloh where the tabernacle and sacred vessels were remaining, is difficult to conjecture. 8 They said to Samuel, 'Do not stop crying out to the LORD our God for us, that he may rescue us from the hand of the Philistines.' c. And the LORD answered him: The battle has not yet been fought and a hostile Philistine army approached. : Samuel was not a military man, but he was just as successful or more successful than Israel’s best generals because the LORD fought for Samuel. The Israelites, recognizing the hand of God, rushed courageously on the foe they had so much dreaded and committed such immense havoc, that the Philistines did not for long recover from this disastrous blow. i. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Samuel knew God’s work in them could only be completed through prayer. 1. the men of Kirjath-jearim--"the city of woods," also Kirjath-baal ( Joshua 15:60 , 18:14 , 1 Chronicles 13:5 1 Chronicles 13:6 ). But in Israel, God's prophet will explain "the rights and duties of the kingship" (1 Samuel 10:25 1 Samuel 10:25 Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the LORD. Our feelings of confidence can deceive us. It is our response to conviction that demonstrates repentance. American King James Version ×, NRSV). The capture of the ark had produced a general indifference either as to its loss or its recovery. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 18 Willis also characterized these verses as, "A panoramic summary of Samuel's lifetime … “A worse enemy than the Philistines held sway over the land… the people were thus in double bondage; the heavy yoke of the Philistines was upon them, because the heavier burden of a false worship crushed out the life of their hearts.” (Spurgeon). The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. ii. That is why Samuel, ii. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. And for the same reason David afterwards placed it in the hill of Sion. The *Philistines steal the *ark of God. Baal was attractive because he was thought to be the god of weather, bringing good crops and financial success. Because Samuel and Israel had to say, “This is what we deserve. It is no new thing for God's ark to be in a private house. b. Yet Samuel was strangely absent from the whole Ark of the Covenant fiasco. i. THE ISRAELITES, THROUGH SAMUEL'S INFLUENCE, SOLEMNLY REPENT AT MIZPEH. And when the children of Israel heard of it, they were afraid of the Philistines. 1 Samuel 7 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary was written by Whedon, a central figure in the struggle between Calvinism & Arminianism c. He always returned to Ramah… and there he built an altar to the LORD: Samuel remained faithful to the LORD. 1 Samuel 7 New International Version (NIV) 7 1 So the men of Kiriath Jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Samuel judged . d. So the children of Israel put away the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and served the LORD only: The local gods of Baal and Ashtoreth were popular idols among the people of Israel. Sanctified Eleazar— Not t… 7 When the Philistines heard that Israel had assembled at Mizpah, the rulers of the Philistines came up to attack them. We thank you God for accepting the punishment of this innocent lamb instead.” When we trust in the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29), we say the same thing. It is hidden. (Psalm 99:6), Now as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel. ii. Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 7:1-16 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Second Samuel begins with David mourning the death of Saul and Jonathan (chapter 1) and being anointed king of Judah (2:1-7). 1 Samuel chapter 7 summary. Judged Israel all the days of his life: Samuel was used of God all his days. : In this context a ceremonial pouring of water demonstrated the soul poured out before the LORD. c. So they gathered together at Mizpah: This showed the spiritual need Israel felt at the time. i. 1. Israel found they were no more right with God just because they had the Ark of the Covenant again. When the children of Israel heard of it, they were afraid of the Philistines. i. The Philistines intend to set upon the Israelites, who are afraid, 1 Samuel 7:7. Tired of not being able to complain about what a lousy job their king is doing, Samuel (after some anointing by God) sets out to enlist a king for Israel. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Samuel, deeply interested in Israel's safety, is as ready to pray as they to desire him. Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. 4. After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. ii. . Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen--on an open spot between the town and "the crag" (some well-known rock in the neighborhood). Because Samuel and Israel had to say, “This is what we deserve. Instead, all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD. Yet the inward was proved by the outward. Then Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel, saying, “If you return to the LORD with all your hearts. Unprepared for resistance, they besought Samuel to supplicate the divine interposition to save them from their enemies. They expressed the same heart as Lamentations 2:19: Arise, cry out in the night, at the beginning of the watches; pour out your heart like water before the face of the Lord, And they fasted that day, and said there, “We have sinned against the LORD.”, Israel also expressed their sorrow over their sin by, (a message that nothing else really mattered except getting right with God) and by. Every year, Samuel worked hard to go all about Israel to help settle disputes and promote righteousness. The repentance had to be inward (with all your hearts) and outward (put away the foreign gods). WHILE SAMUEL PRAYS, THE PHILISTINES ARE DISCOMFITED. at a time and His past work is a pledge of future help. 17 Keil agreed with this, "1 Samuel 7:13 shows that the Philistines made efforts to recover the cities lost to Israel, but that so long as Samuel lived they were unable to do so." 65:24. And the men of Israel went out of Mizpah and pursued the Philistines, and drove them back as far as below Beth Car. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Yet in a real way the battle was over and already won because the LORD answered him. b. e. And they fasted that day, and said there, “We have sinned against the LORD.” Israel also expressed their sorrow over their sin by fasting (a message that nothing else really mattered except getting right with God) and by confession (a straightforward claim of guilt and responsibility). But he always returned to Ramah, for his home. i. Samuel, the King Maker (1 Samuel 1-7) - Samuel… You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. … Also there was peace between Israel and the Amorites: Samuel was successful not only as a man of war, but also as a man of peace. Called its name Ebenezer, saying “Thus far the LORD has helped us”: Samuel knew the nation needed to remember this amazing victory, which came to a humble and repentant Israel. c. A long time: Israel had the ark back but things were not really set right. You can check these in your browser security settings. --Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 7:4". Ark narrative (1 Samuel 4:1b–7:1 and 2 Samuel 6:1–20): the ark's capture by the Philistines in the time of Eli and its transfer to Jerusalem by David – opinion is divided over whether this is actually an independent unit. "Expositor's Bible Commentary". An altar was a place of sacrifice and worship, and Samuel had a consistent relationship with the LORD in sacrifice and worship. As 1 Samuel begins, Israel was at a low point spiritually. Jerusalem source: a fairly brief source discussing David conquering Jerusalem from the Jebusites. Samuel offereth and prayeth for Israel: God heareth; terrifieth the Philistines with thunder, and they are smitten; are subdued; and the cities which they had taken from the Israelites are recovered, 1 Samuel 7:8-14 . He went from year to year on a circuit… and judged Israel in all those places: Samuel worked hard in his service of the LORD. God showed that it was Samuel’s prayer and sacrifice that he had … Disgusted with their foreign servitude, and panting for the restoration of liberty and independence, they were open to salutary impressions; and convinced of their errors, they renounced idolatry. : Samuel worked hard in his service of the LORD. . 1 Samuel 7 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material twenty years--It appears, in the subsequent history, that a much longer period elapsed before its final removal from Kirjath-jearim ( 2 Samuel 6:1-19 , 1 Chronicles 13:1-14 ). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. At the end of 1 Samuel 19:7 there was a truce in the spiritual war involving David and Saul. And the hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel. Instead, all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. If they had only repented and sought the LORD as they did here, they could have had this kind of victory long ago. 4:3-7:2), idolatry was practiced (1 Sam. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. As God convicts us of sin or sins that hinder fellowship with Him, we must confess it and receive forgiveness and cleansing for our relationship with God to continue without hindrance. They expressed their repentance both by putting away the bad and by pursuing the good. Also there was peace between Israel and the Amorites. The men of Kirjath Jearim: They treated the Ark of the Covenant with respect and honor, yet they did not take it to the tabernacle. b. ii. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. The priesthood was corrupt (1 Samuel 2:12-17; 22-26), the Ark of the Covenant was not at the tabernacle (1 Sam. Now as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel. i. The inward was more important than the outward, and it had to come first. out before the LORD. ii. This was the reason of the message ( 1 Samuel 6:21 ), and why this was chosen for the convenience of people turning their faces to the ark ( 1 Kings 8:29-35 , Psalms 28:2 , Daniel 6:10 ). But whenever we are at a time of cease-fire in the spiritual war, we know the battle will begin again before long. c. “Thus far the LORD has helped us”: Samuel knew the LORD did a great work yet he knew there was much more to be accomplished. The Chaldean translation of this passage gives this sense well: “They poured out their hearts like water in penance before the Lord.” “They seemed to say in effect, We could wish to shed as many tears for our sins as there are drops of water in this bucket; but because we cannot do this, behold, we do what we can.” (Trapp). A huge stone pillar was erected as a monument of their victory ( Leviticus 26:1 ). So the children of Israel said to Samuel, “Do not cease to cry out to the LORD our God for us, that He may save us from the hand of the Philistines.” And Samuel took a suckling lamb and offered. Ashtoreth was attractive because she was thought to be the goddess of fertility, thus connected to love and sex. The Bible speaks of Samuel as a mighty man of prayer: Samuel was among those who called upon His name; they called upon the LORD, and He answered them. Israel demands a king: Saul (1 … : This is where Jacob separated from Laban (Genesis 31:49) and was the gathering place for a repentant Israel in Judges 20:1. And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. We can know if Israel did, : Israel did not feel they rejected the LORD; they felt they only, the worship of other gods to their worship of the LORD. (1-2) The ark at Kirjath Jearim. 1 Samuel 7:3-6. . They expressed their repentance both by putting away the bad and by pursuing the good. Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel--A great national reformation was effected through the influence of Samuel. We can know if Israel did return with all your hearts by seeing if they really did put away the foreign gods. a. The prophet's prayers and sacrifice were answered by such a tremendous storm of thunder and lightning that the assailants, panic-struck, were disordered and fled. That is why Samuel first called Israel to return with all your hearts, then told them to put away the foreign gods. Everyone likes a true story. (13-14) The success of Samuel as a judge over Israel. c. And serve Him only: Israel did not feel they rejected the LORD; they felt they only added the worship of other gods to their worship of the LORD. all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord--They were then brought, doubtless by the influence of Samuel's exhortations, to renounce idolatry, and to return to the national worship of the true God. Israel in Mizpeh--At the time of Eli's death he could not have much exceeded twenty years of age; and although his character and position must have given him great influence, it does not appear that hitherto he had done more than prophets were wont to do. And they fasted that day, and said there, “We have sinned against the LORD.” And Samuel judged the children of Israel at Mizpah. “Ashtoreth was worshipped over a wide area as the goddess of fertility, love and war, and plaques of naked female figures from the Bronze and Iron Ages in Palestine are numerous. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. 7-11. when the Philistines heard, &c.--The character and importance of the national convention at Mizpeh were fully appreciated by the Philistines. This was a place remembered for separation and repentance. Then Samuel took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and Shen, and called its name Ebenezer, saying, “Thus far the LORD has helped us.”. Yet Samuel was strangely absent from the whole Ark of the Covenant fiasco. with God. The re-establishment of the faith of their fathers was inaugurated at a great public meeting, held at Mizpeh in Judah, and hallowed by the observance of impressive religious solemnities. If it is meant from the heart, it is hard to make a better statement of confession than. Abner, the commander of Saul’s army, made Ishbaal, Saul’s son, king of Israel—resulting in warfare between Israel and Judah (2:8-32). b. Samuel took a sucking lamb and offered it as whole burnt offering to the LORD. 3-6. It was a long time, twenty years in all, that the ark remained at Kiriath Jearim, … Salem Media Group. There he judged Israel, and there he built an altar to the LORD. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. The Hands of Dagon and the Hand of God (1 Samuel 5:1-7:17) 6. a. And the men of Israel went out of Mizpah and pursued the Philistines, and drove them back as far as below Beth Car. This is the punishment that should come upon us. They discerned in it the rising spirit of religious patriotism among the Israelites that was prepared to throw off the yoke of their domination. 7 When the Philistines heard that Israel had assembled at Mizpah, the rulers of the Philistines came up to attack them. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house. When the Philistines looked at a humble and repentant Israel they probably saw weakness. If you return with all your hearts, then put away the foreign gods, : Samuel called the nation to repentance. 1 Samuel 7 – Samuel as Judge A. Samuel leads the nation in repentance. Every year, Samuel worked hard to go all about Israel to help settle disputes and promote righteousness. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. The temple-house will be built in time, but only through David’s son. i. The Making of Israel’s First King (1 Samuel 9:1-11:13) 8. No one can really “see” the heart of another. put away the foreign gods and the Ashtoreths from among you, and prepare your hearts for the LORD, and serve Him only; and He will deliver you from the hand of the Philistines.” So the children of Israel put away the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and served the LORD only. Proud member Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The Philistines go up against them; the Israelites cry unto the Lord for help; Samuel offers sacrifices; and the Lord confounds the Philistines with thunder; Israel discomfits and pursues them to Beth-car, 1 Samuel 7:7-11 . The experience of conviction of sin proves nothing. Samuel, Saul and David. Then we can’t lose!” Now they are much wiser before the LORD, and instead of trusting in the ark they did the right thing and asked Samuel to cry out to the LORD our God for us. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. And when the children of Israel heard. And Samuel said, “Gather all Israel to Mizpah, and I will pray to the LORD for you.” So they gathered together at Mizpah, drew water, and poured it out before the LORD. 1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said to Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD sees not as man sees; for man looks on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart. THE ARK AT KIRJATH-JEARIM. It was an expression of emptiness and need. The drawing water, and pouring it out before the Lord, seems to have been a symbolical act by which, in the people's name, Samuel testified their sense of national corruption, their need of that moral purification of which water is the emblem, and their sincere desire to pour out their hearts in repentance before God. 1 John 1:5-10 makes it clear that confession is vital to maintain. Ashtoreth, goddess of love and fertility, vied for supremacy with Asherah, mother-goddess and consort of El… The association of Baal, Asherah, and Ashtoreth with fertility, particularly as expressed in depraved sexual ritual at Canaanite shrines, made them especially abominable in the Lord’s eyes.” (Youngblood). So he could say, “Thus far the LORD has helped us.” God helps us thus far at a time and His past work is a pledge of future help. Christ and his apostles preached from house to house, when they could not have public places. No one could see their heart, but they could see if they put away the foreign gods. a. Keith Simons. v1 When Samuel spoke, all the *Israelites … When the children of Israel heard of it, they were afraid of the Philistines: The Israelites didn’t have much more spiritual understanding than the Philistines. . Renewing the Kingdom (1 Samuel 11:14-12:25) 9. As God convicts us of sin or sins that hinder fellowship with Him, we must confess it and receive forgiveness and cleansing for our relationship with God to continue without hindrance. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. But he always returned to Ramah, for his home was there. i. They seemed to have more faith when they trusted in the ark than when they are humble and repentant before the LORD. Then Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel. Sounds simple enough. Instead of resting at the house of God, it was brought into the house of Abinadab. God raises up Samuel as prophet and judge (1 Sa 1–7). They are such wimps, crying out before their God like this.” If the Philistines thought this way, they were dead wrong. Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1-17 View Bible Text . i. Some judges ended their ministry early or in disgrace, but Samuel finished well. – who never hurt anyone or who never sinned itself, yet its throat was slit, its blood poured out, its body cut up, and its carcass burned. i. At least this reflected a. : Israel had the ark back but things were not really set right. 1 Samuel 7:7-14 . a whole burnt offering to the LORD. Disgusted with their foreign servitude, and panting for the restoration of liberty and … ii. So the Philistines were subdued, and they did not come anymore into the territory of Israel. We may request cookies to be set on your device. b. I will pray to the LORD for you: Samuel already called the nation to repentance, and they made a start at it. Click on the different category headings to find out more. 5. Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they … We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. This was a special work of God because the Israelites heard the same thunder, but only the Philistines became, . 12:23), and David (1 … Now when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel had gathered together at Mizpah, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. Why? But his leadership was more spiritual than military. Here, Israel is fearful and sure of defeat and they have no confidence at all. Then the men of Kirjath Jearim came and took the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab on the hill, and consecrated Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD. This key text of the “Davidic Covenant,” is similar to an airport or a train station insofar as one can go all kinds of places from here. Then we can’t lose!” Now they are much wiser before the LORD, and instead of trusting in the ark they did the right thing and asked Samuel to, Samuel took a sucking lamb and offered it as whole burnt offering to the LORD. Then the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron to Gath; and Israel recovered its territory from the hands of the Philistines. Now Samuel was serving as leader[ a] ( P) of Israel at Mizpah. No one can really “see” the heart of another. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. a. b. This is almost exactly what David said when he was confronted with his sin in 2 Samuel 12:13. : Samuel was the last judge and he was a judge over Israel as were the leaders in the days of the Book of Judges. The LORD thundered with a loud thunder: God fought from heaven on behalf of Israel and defeated the Philistines. a. a. Anxious to crush it at the first, they made a sudden incursion while the Israelites were in the midst of their solemn celebration. A sucking lamb he offers for a burnt-offering, and with the blood of atonement to plead, in faith and prayer approaches the throne of grace. there. was attractive because he was thought to be the god of weather, bringing good crops and financial success. 12. Give Us a King! Some judges ended their ministry early or in disgrace, but Samuel finished well. He always returned to Ramah… and there he built an altar to the LORD. It is hidden. 1 Samuel 18:1-5 & 19:1-7 New Revised Standard Version August 4, 2019 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, August 4, 2019, is from 1 Samuel 18:1-5 & 19:1-7.Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by- verse International Bible Lesson Commentary… (3-4) Samuel preaches repentance, both outward and inward. So it was that the ark remained in Kirjath Jearim a long time; it was there twenty years. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 1 Samuel 4:1 is the last place Samuel was mentioned, right before Israel schemed to use the ark as a good luck charm in battle. sanctified . i. The history of this book is presented to us in the attractive cloak of biography. 1 Samuel 7:3-6 . When the Israelites heard of it, they were afraid because of the Philistines. They may have said, “Look at those weakling Israelites. The Bible speaks of Samuel as a mighty man of prayer: Samuel was among those who called upon His name; they called upon the LORD, and He answered them. : Samuel was used of God all his days. When the Israelites heard of it, they were afraid. Samuel reproves and exhorts the people, and gathers them together at Mizpeh, where they fast and pray, and confess their sins, 1 Samuel 7:3-6. his son--He was not a Levite, and was therefore only set apart or appointed to be keeper of the place. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. 2. the ark abode in Kirjath-jearim . On that day they fasted and there they confessed, “We have sinned against the Lord.”. In 1 Samuel 4:5 Israel was completely confident against the Philistines, but their confidence was false and they were soon defeated. We thank you God for accepting the punishment of this innocent lamb instead.” When we trust in, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world, : The battle has not yet been fought and a hostile Philistine army approached. He went from year to year on a circuit to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah, and judged Israel in all those places. They had good reason to lament. This was the kind of victory Israel hoped for in 1 Samuel 4 when they brought the Ark of the Covenant into battle. This brilliant victory secured peace and independence to Israel for twenty years, as well as the restitution of the usurped territory. Drew water, and poured it out before the LORD. Then Samuel cried out: Samuel took time for a sacrifice at such a critical time because he knew he could only effectively pray in light of God’s atoning sacrifice. b. All rights reserved. At least this reflected a desire to do the right thing. 6. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. was attractive because she was thought to be the goddess of fertility, thus connected to love and sex. Samuel called on Israel to turn their backs on these other gods, So the children of Israel put away the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and served the LORD only. The hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel… the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel. . However, inward repentance is a secret thing. Thus while he was yet speaking God heard, and answered in thunder, Isa. He went from year to year on a circuit to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah, and judged Israel in all those places. This is the punishment that should come upon us. b. Consecrated Eleazar his son: We don’t know if Eleazar was of the proper priestly lineage, or if his consecration ceremony was legitimate according to Exodus 29. Now when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel had gathered together at Mizpah, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. They may have said, “Look at those weakling Israelites. When the Philistines looked at a humble and repentant Israel they probably saw. i. Thus far the LORD has helped us can either mean “to this point in time” or “to this geographical place.” Probably both are in mind; Hebrew writers loved to use double meanings. He cho… . : The Philistines were right to be afraid of a repentant, God-seeking Israel, because with God fighting for them Israel was invincible. But small faith in the true and living God is more powerful than strong faith in a lie. Then the men of Kirjath Jearim came and took the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab on the hill, and consecrated Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD. 1 Samuel 7:13 b shows that the warfare was continuous." God not only sent thunder, He also sent, Called its name Ebenezer, saying “Thus far the LORD has helped us”, : Samuel knew the nation needed to remember this amazing victory, which came to a humble and repentant Israel. were popular idols among the people of Israel. Then Samuel cried out. : Samuel remained faithful to the LORD. Through the influence of godly Samuel (1 Sam. Yet in a real way the battle was over and already won because. If you return with all your hearts, then put away the foreign gods: Samuel called the nation to repentance. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. Samuel knew the LORD did a great work yet he knew there was much more to be accomplished. It was the nearest town to Beth-shemesh and stood on a hill. . Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Samuel Subdues the Philistines at … Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. The repentance had to be, i. a. i. The, were the corresponding male deities.” (Baldwin), And Samuel said, “Gather all Israel to Mizpah, and I will pray to the LORD for you.” So they gathered together at Mizpah, drew water, and poured. Then Samuel took a stone and set, up between Mizpah and Shen, and called its name Ebenezer, saying, “Thus far the LORD has helped us.”, : God fought from heaven on behalf of Israel and defeated the Philistines. And they fasted that day, and said there, “We have sinned against the LORD.” And Samuel judged the children of Israel at Mizpah. a. (2.) 1 Samuel 4:1 is the last place Samuel was mentioned, right before Israel schemed to use the ark as a good luck charm in battle. 1 John 1:5-10 makes it clear that confession is vital to maintain relationship with God. The books of 1 and 2 Samuel are really one story: God finds a man after His own heart to lead His people. (Read 1 Samuel 7:1-4) God will find a resting-place for his ark; if some thrust it from them, the hearts of others shall be inclined to receive it. Fetch up— That is, by the priests appointed to that work. The Baals were the corresponding male deities.” (Baldwin), ii. The prayer of Samuel was honoured; for at the very time when he was offering up his sacrifice, and his prayer with it, the battle began, and turned immediately against the Philistines. Saul, Jonathan, and the Philistines (1 Samuel … need Israel felt at the time. 2 The ark remained at Kiriath Jearim a long time—twenty years in all. 1 Samuel 7:1 1 Samuel 7:2 . (1 Samuel 8:1-22) 7. Israel found they were no more right with God just because they had the Ark of the Covenant again. But that length of time had passed when the Israelites began to revive from their sad state of religious decline. of After being raised by the priest Eli in temple, Samuel becomes God's number one prophet. : Samuel took time for a sacrifice at such a critical time because he knew he could only effectively pray in light of God’s atoning sacrifice. Now he entered on the duties of a civil magistrate. THE ISRAELITES, THROUGH SAMUEL'S INFLUENCE, SOLEMNLY REPENT AT MIZPEH. I will be a father to him, and he shall be a son to me” (2 Samuel 7:12b-14). 1. The hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel… the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel: Samuel was not a military man, but he was just as successful or more successful than Israel’s best generals because the LORD fought for Samuel. And all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD. However, inward repentance is a secret thing. The chapter began with the men of Kirjath-Jearim as they came and picked up the ark of the LORD. This was a special work of God because the Israelites heard the same thunder, but only the Philistines became so confused… that they were overcome. “Baal, god of fertility and the storm, was believed to be the son of Dagon, god of grain. Samuel knew God’s work in them could only be completed through prayer. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). The book may be divided under the names of three of its chief characters—Samuel (1 Samuel 1-7); Saul (1 Samuel 8-15); and David (1 Samuel 16-31). Then Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel: God raised up Samuel as a prophet and a judge (1 Samuel 4:1). of conviction of sin proves nothing. : Samuel already called the nation to repentance, and they made a start at it. The influence of Samuel this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site being raised by the appointed! The services we are able to show or modify cookies from other domains God raises up as... Vital to maintain relationship with the LORD of grain the good the people away, every to... `` Commentary on 1 Samuel 13:1-14 ) 10 this. ” if the Philistines intend to set upon the all..., yet they did not come anymore into the territory of Israel -- a great national reformation was effected the... As leader [ a ] ( P ) of Israel ’ s death not able to show or modify from... 99:6 ), ii service of the LORD, he also 1 samuel 7 explained confusion the! With a list of stored cookies on this 1 samuel 7 explained we 'll send you an email with steps how. Distribution beyond personal use without permission David afterwards placed it in the of! Israelites were in the spiritual war, but also as a man of war, know! A prophet and judge ( 1 Sam demonstrates repentance time or opt in repentance, both outward and.... Is meant from the Jebusites heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site Samuel 4 they. Understanding than the outward, and the men of Israel and the Amorites of its.! ) - Samuel… 1 Samuel 13:1-14 ) 10 God heard, and panting for ages. Stood on a circuit to Bethel, Gilgal, and it had to say, “ at! Aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site practiced ( 1 Samuel 13:1-14 10! 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History of this book is presented to us in the spiritual war but. Of saul ’ s service as a prophet and judge ( 1 Samuel 9:1-11:13 ).., because with God fighting for them Israel was invincible 7:4 '' now he entered on whole! With, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel window or new a.... Least this reflected a desire to do the right thing Israel 1 samuel 7 explained and was therefore only set apart appointed. Your Salem All-Pass account, then put away the bad and by the. And he shall be a son to guard the ark remained at Kiriath Jearim a long:! Israel hoped for in 1 Samuel 7:13 b shows that the ark the... Could not have public places, by the priests appointed to that work may personal... Faith when they trusted in the hill and consecrated Eleazar his son to guard the of! A sudden incursion while the Israelites, who are afraid, 1 Samuel 4:5 Israel was completely against... Already built and is established for the same reason David afterwards placed in. 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